Demerit points driving license along roads and highways
Driving on the right-hand side of the road, wearing seatbelts at all times and mandatory use of low beam headlights on motorways and main roads outside built-up areas even during the day. There are just a few simple rules to keep in mind to travel freely on Italian roads and motorways. These road rules are contained in an amalgamated law (Codice della strada or Highway Code) and have been standardised to comply with European regulations on car and motor vehicle traffic.
AT THE WHEEL
So in Italy, as in the rest of continental Europe, people drive on the right-hand side of the road, and you overtake on the left. When you reach a crossroads, always give way to cars approaching from your right. You must fasten your seatbelts whether sitting at the front or at the back of the vehicle (if the car is fitted with rear seatbelts). If you're not wearing your seatbelt and you are stopped by the police, you may have to pay a fine on the spot. As in the rest of Europe, warning triangles and reflective vests (fluorescent yellow or orange, to be worn as soon as you get out of the car) are compulsory in the event of car breakdown and parking in dangerous areas or fast roads and motorways.
The polizia stradale or highway police, or other law enforcement force are authorised to run random breathalyser tests. The legal blood alcohol limit while driving on Italian roads is 0.05%.
Speed limits are 130 kilometres per hour on motorways and 110 kilometres per hour on highways and main roads outside towns, or even lower where specified by signs. The fine for driving over these speed limits increases according to the number of excess km/h you were travelling at, although the maximum fine is Euro 260. A driving licence points system was introduced a few years ago to punish undisciplined drivers as far as suspending their licence for more serious offences or when the points limit has been reached. To ensure speed limits are respected, a large number of Autovelox electronic speed cameras have been installed throughout the entire network of Italian roads and motorways.
ON TWO WHEELS
You need a driving licence "patentino" to ride small mopeds, up to 50 cc, you do need to be at least 14 years old and you cannot carry passengers.
You need a driving licence "patentino", to be sixteen to drive a motorcycle up to 125 cc. For two-wheelers above 125 cc, you need to be 18 or over and have a motorbike driving licence. You cannot ride mopeds below 150 cc on motorways under any circumstances. Helmets are compulsory for mopeds and motorcycles of any engine size.