Mosajco
Agenzia regionale  turismo Regione Campania

Traditionen und Folklore


Die Tarantella

Die Tarantella

Die Tarantella ist ein aus Süditalien stammender Volkstanz. Sie zeichnet sich durch eine schnelle Musik im 3/8- oder 6/8-Takt aus.

Vermutlich wurde ihr Name von der Stadt Tarent in Apulien abgeleitet. Der Volksmund leitet den Namen jedoch von „Tarantula“ oder „Lycosa Tarentula“, einer in Italien und im Mittelmeerraum anzutreffenden Spinne, her. „Tarantella“ hieße dann im Ursprung „kleine Tarantula“.

Der Biss der Tarantel ist schmerzhaft, aber nicht der Auslöser des Tarantismus. Dieser wird vielmehr mit dem Gift der Europäischen Schwarzen Witwe (Latrodectus tredecimguttatus) in Verbindung gebracht. Der wilde Tanz sollte dabei eine Therapie darstellen: Die Musiker kamen ins Haus des Patienten oder auf den Marktplatz und begannen zu spielen; der Gebissene tanzte bis zur völligen Erschöpfung, um das Gift aus dem Körper zu treiben.

 

Eine erste schriftliche Dokumentation des Tanzes geht auf Athanasius Kircher (1602–1680) zurück

Im 19. Jahrhundert, zur Zeit der Romantik, griff die Instrumentalmusik diese Musikform auf. Komponisten, die sich mit der Tarantella befassten, sind zum Beispiel Franz Schubert, Gioachino Rossini, Franz Liszt, Sergei Rachmaninow, William Henry Squire, Alexander Borodin, Pjotr Tschaikowski, Frédéric Chopin und der US-amerikanische Komponist Louis Moreau Gottschalk („Grand Tarantelle for Piano & Orchestra“).

Kurt Weill komponiert die Gerichtsszene seiner Oper Aufstieg und Fall der Stadt Mahagonny als Tarantella. Der zweite Satz von John Coriglianos erster Sinfonie (1990) trägt die Bezeichnung Tarantella, und Elliot Goldenthal verwendet in seinem Ballett Othello (1998) eine ebensolche von vierzehnminütiger Dauer, um die Entwicklung von Iagos Plan gegen Othello darzustellen.

Franz Josef Degenhardt griff den Tanz sowohl inhaltlich als auch spieltechnisch im Jahre 1963 in seinem gleichnamigen Stück "Tarantella" des Albums "Rumpelstilzchen" auf. Heute bekannte Komponisten sind zum Beispiel Otello Profazio,  Mino Reitano, Eugenio Bennato und Renzo Arbore.

 

Easter Time in the Sorrento Peninsula

Easter Time in the Sorrento Peninsula

During Easter, ancient, sacred rites are renewed throughout the Sorrento peninsula, a sign of a centuries-old faith collectively perceived and much felt, as well as of Catholic values which on the peninsula have origins and roots as old as Catholicism itself.
Good Friday is a day of suffering for the Catholics, for it remembers the crucifixion of Christ on Calvary. The meaning of the Passion of Christ is plainly visible in the numerous hooded processions performed in all towns of the Sorrento peninsula.
Arranged by the lay orders, they involve thousands of people in heartfelt and moving participation in the event they represent. These processions are of ancient origin, dating back to the sacred representations of Mediaeval times and from the old penitential processions of Maundy Thursday during which members of the religious brotherhoods, dressed in robes and carrying lighted torches, wandered between the various Churches in adoration of the Holy Eucharist.
This tradition is still followed today, for example, by processions in Piano di Sorrento and Meta, held right after «Coena Domini» Mass, that tour the various Sepulchres.
All the processions have an identical process in common regarding the symbolic objects carried by participants: the style of their robes - differing only in colour depending on the brotherhood, with preference given to white for the processions held at dawn on Good Friday and black for those held later that evening. In addition, the poignant chorus of the Miserere, with the musical band at the head of the processional cortège performing the famous funeral march from Chopin’s Opus 35.
The current day processions recall those in Spain, influenced by the Spanish viceroys that reigned over Naples at the end of the 1600s and who, mostly via the Jesuits, numerous on the peninsula at the time, worked to disseminate this penitential rite typical of the Spanish Counter-Reformation. Crosses, the hammer and nails, the crown of thorns, bloodstained whips, the sponge soaked in vinegar, the Veil of Veronica, spears, dice, the cockerel, objects reminiscent of the Passion and Death of Christ known as the “martiri”, alternate in the sombre light of torches and lamps, creating an unnerving atmosphere of remembrance and mysticism in the silent crowd of spectators. In the morning the statue of the Madonna is borne in procession, representing the Mother searching for her Son. In the evening, Our Lady of Sorrows, mourning the end of her Son’s life on earth, is accompanied by an effigy of the Dead Christ. Around thirty processions are held in the peninsula. To discuss all of them would be lengthy and tedious. The best known in Sorrento are: the “White Procession” held in the early hours of Good Friday, organized by the Archbrotherhood of Santa Monica from the Church of the Annunziata and the "Black Procession" of the Archbrotherhood of the Servi di Maria held in the evening. Also fascinating are those of Vico Equense, with the hooded procession in purple robes organized by the Archbrotherhood of the Assunta, the procession organized by the Holy Trinity of Piano di Sorrento in red, and the “Black Procession” of the Archbrotherhood della Morte e Orazione, also in Piano di Sorrento. All the processions, however, have their own charm, highlighting a moment of faith, albeit an exterior demonstration, combined with the culture typical of our local area.

Christmas Time

Christmas Time

Christmas and New Year also have a special charm in Sorrento. Warm coloured lighting and colourful decorations give the town a particular look, and the atmosphere portends a charming festive period. In fact, while Sorrento is showing off its Christmas look, frenetic activities are going on to put into action the myriad activities which will make every moment the visitors spend in the Sorrentine Peninsula an unforgettable one.
A rich calendar of events means that you just need to choose. Every day there is at least one event that deserves to be experienced. The highlights will obviously take place on Christmas, New Year’s Eve and especially New Year’s Day, but there are occasions to make every day up to the Epiphany special.
Don’t miss the many marvellous Nativity scenes hidden in every nook and cranny of Sorrento, built according to the traditional Neapolitan art of crib making,
You will find them everywhere: in the main churches and in the Sedile Dominova, but also in the joyfully lit windows of Corso Italia, the main street for shopping.

Sorrentine wood inlay works

Sorrentine wood inlay works

The art of wood-working in Campania has ancient origins and traditions but Sorrentine wood inlay has a separate glorious history.
What makes this unique inlay so special is not just the mastery and inventive of the local artisans but their profound knowledge of the material. It is, in fact, very difficult to recognise and choose the diverse qualities of wood to create such a chromatic effect permitting delicate designs.
Visit the Museo Bottega of the tarsia lignea (Wooden Marquetry Shop-Museum), a rich, historical and interesting collection of inlaid wooden furniture and objects produced in the 19th century by sorrentine marquetry masters

More info on the web site: www.alessandrofiorentinocollection.it

Foto di Agostino Di Maio


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Azienda Autonoma di Soggiorno e Turismo di Sorrento-Sant\'Agnello

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Bluprint Agenzia Regionale Turismo Regione Campania - Sede di Sorrento - Sant'Agnello
Registered office: Via Santa Lucia, 81 - 80143 NAPOLI
Headquarters: Via Luigi De Maio, 35 - 80067 SORRENTO
Phone: +39 081 8074033 - Fax: +39 081 8773397 - PEC: info@sorrentotourism.it - E-mail: info@sorrentotourism.com
email ARETUR aretursorrento@gmail.com

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